What is Open Access?
Open Access (OA) is all about sharing research freely and openly. The fundamental principle underlying OA is that research funded by the public should be freely available to the public. For the typical researcher this means that a copy of a research paper should be placed online as soon as possible after publication or completion with no restrictions on who can access, view or download it. In this way OA bypasses current obstacles to access such as the prohibitive cost of journal subscriptions, coupled with restrictive licences, that exclude most people from viewing research.
Open Access as a movement has been around for at least a decade. Support has grown significantly in the UK over the last few years for two reasons:
- Government-driven policy on widening access to research - a response to the Finch Report
- OA as a principle has been taken up by many of the major research funders, including the Research Councils (RCUK) and The Wellcome Trust. All Research Councils now require that research funded by them is put on OA by some method.
It is anticipated that for the post-2014 REF all research outputs will be required to be Open Access compliant.
There are two main routes to Open Access: Green and Gold. Please see How Do I... for further information.
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Why should I put my research on Open Access?
Open Access is not just about benefiting the general public, there are clear benefits to individual researchers and their institutions:
- Increased visibility of research and researchers, helping you to reach new audiences
- Increased impact: Open Access research is cited more frequently
- Research lifecycle can be accelerated: published, read, cited, built on
- Compliance with funder mandates
- Creation of new collaborative opportunities and exchange of knowledge
- Public good: sharing scholarship and intellectual wealth
Research that is openly and freely available will be found more easily through, for example, Google, Google Scholar, specialist search engines such as BASE, and harvesters that trawl the web aggregating related content.
A number of recent studies have clearly demonstrated that putting research on OA increases the number of times it is cited. Additionally, the research lifecycle may be speeded up – it is quicker to get research out there and noticed and it can make collaborating and sharing easier.
Lancaster University is committed to ensuring that the outputs of our research are made readily available to anyone who would benefit from them. See Lancaster University's Statement on OA:
Find out more about the Open Access movement
- Listen to Sir Mark Walport, Chief Executive of the Wellcome Trust, on why Open Access is important
- Stevan Harnad’s open access web pages
- Go Open Access, a series of short films aiming to promote wider awareness and understanding of Open Access
- Neelie Kroes, Vice-President of the European Commission, on libraries, access to knowledge and Open Access
- Open Access Implementation Group
- Where next with Open Access? A presentation by Martin Hall, Chair of the Open Access Implementation Group and Vice Chancellor of the University of Salford (predates Finch Report and RCUK policy)
- Web pages from the Open Citation Project on the effect of Open Access and downloads on citation impact
- The Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition (SPARC) section on Open Access